Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea, the middle vascular tunic of the eye, rich in blood vessels that bring nutrients to most of the ocular structures. An inflammatory process in the uvea can cause damage to the cornea, the retina, the sclera and other ocular tissues.
Depending on the inflamed area of the uvea, uveitis is either:
– anterior uveitis, which is the most common
– posterior uveitis
– intermediate uveitis
The cause of uveitis may be multiple: the consequence of an eye infection and/ or of a systemic disease that initially affects a location other than the eye (for example arthritis). Often the causes of inflammation are not clear; in this case, it is called idiopathic uveitis.
- Inflammation is constantly present in chronic diseases of the ocular surface. Controlling inflammation is useful to avoid relapses, reduce symptoms and avoid complications.
Be sure to ask your ophthalmologist for advice.