Dry age-related macular degeneration

Dry age-related macular degeneration symptoms

Macular degeneration refers to a retinal disorder which causes alterations and reduced functionality of the central area of the retina (the macula) leading to the loss of central vision. Macular degeneration is most commonly associated with aging of the eye: the macula, containing numerous light receptors, eventually loses its characteristics. The incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is rare before the age of 55, but increases after the age of 75. The more severe form of the disease, known as wet AMD, is less frequent and develops faster but is currently the only form considered treatable.

The symptoms

Initial macular degeneration symptoms are distorted images in the central area of the visual field, difficulty reading and carrying out close-up activities, which require looking at small details, and loss of color brilliance.

Macular degeneration treatment

  • quit smoking;
  • moderate physical activity;
  • protect eyes from ultraviolet rays that can damage the macula;
  • a diet rich in natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds

Be sure to ask your ophthalmologist for advice.

Age-related macular degeneration

There are two forms of age-related macular degeneration, both are associated with alteration of capillary microcirculation, which is typical of advanced age: dry macular degeneration (also known as atrophic), and the aforementioned wet AMD (also known as exudative). These two forms of AMD should be considered as two separate disorders, as their prognosis and potential therapies are entirely different.

Dry macular degeneration

Dry macular degeneration (also known as atrophic; 85-90% of cases), is characterized by a progressive thinning of the central retina, due to poor blood supply by the capillaries and consequent atrophying.